Don't lose money in Romania

We've created a guide to help you avoid pitfalls, save time, and make the best long-term investment possible.

How to conduct proper due diligence for your property in Romania

Last updated on 

All sources have been thoroughly verified for credibility. Furthermore, a local real estate expert has reviewed and approved the final article.

risks pitfalls buying real estate Romania

Everything you need to know is included in our Romania Property Pack

When it comes to making a significant and potentially life-changing decision, buying a property in Romania stands out.

Whether you're in search of a new home, an investment opportunity, or a tranquil getaway, exploring the world of Romanian real estate can be truly exciting.

However, exercising caution and careful consideration throughout this process is of utmost importance. Conducting thorough due diligence is an essential step in your property acquisition journey that should never be underestimated.

This article delves into the significance of due diligence when it comes to purchasing a property in Romania. We will shed light on the vital factors and considerations that every prospective buyer should be well-versed in. From understanding legal regulations to conducting meticulous property inspections, we aim to equip you with invaluable insights to ensure that your real estate investment in Romania is not just exciting but also secure.

Finally, please know that the full due diligence cheklist is included in our property pack for Romania.

What is a due diligence when you buy a property in Romania?

Due diligence in the context of a residential real estate transaction in Romania is essentially a thorough investigation or audit of a property before you decide to buy it.

This process is crucial because it helps you, as a buyer, understand exactly what you're getting into.

It's not just about ensuring the property is worth the price, but also about uncovering any legal, financial, or physical issues that could affect your decision or the property's value.

While due diligence isn't mandatory by law in Romania, it's strongly advised.

Skipping this step can lead to unpleasant surprises after the purchase, like discovering legal issues with the property title, undisclosed debts, or structural problems. These issues can be costly and stressful to resolve, so due diligence is your first line of defense.

The due diligence process is typically handled by professionals. This can include a real estate agent, a lawyer, and sometimes a surveyor or an engineer, especially if there are concerns about the property's condition.

Each professional plays a different role, like verifying legal documents, ensuring there are no hidden liens or encumbrances, and assessing the physical state of the property.

Timing is important.

You should start the due diligence process as soon as you're seriously considering a property. It usually runs parallel to the negotiation phase. As for how long it takes, it depends on several factors, such as the complexity of the property’s history and its physical condition. Generally, it can take anywhere from a few days to several weeks.

And ... yes, due diligence does cost money.

The fees depend on the professionals you hire and the depth of the investigation. While it might seem like an extra expense, it's an investment in peace of mind. It’s better to pay for due diligence than to risk buying a property with hidden problems that could cost you more in the long run.

Get the full checklist for your due diligence in Romania

Don't repeat the same mistakes others have made before you. Make sure everything is in order before signing your sales contract.

due diligence Romania

What to check during a due diligence in Romania?

We'll give here a very brief overview of the elements you have to check when you conduct a due diligence in Romania ; if you want a full checklist, please check the "Due Diligence" document in our property pack for Romania.

When you're buying a property in Romania, getting to grips with due diligence is key to a smooth transaction.

Let's break it down step by step.

First up, checking the property title.

In Romania, this is done through the Land Registry, known as Cartea Funciară. It's crucial because it tells you if the seller really owns the property and if there are any legal issues like liens or disputes. Make sure the title is clean and clear.

Next, local regulations. These are the rules about what you can and can't do with the property.

Think zoning laws, building permissions, and so on. For this, you'd usually check with the local city hall. They can tell you if the property's in line with local planning laws and if there are any restrictions you should know about.

Financial due diligence is all about the money side of things. You're looking at any debts tied to the property – things like unpaid taxes or utility bills.

Also, think about the ongoing costs like property taxes and maintenance. You don't want any surprises after you've bought the place.

Environmental assessments aren't always a must, but they're a good idea, especially for older properties or areas with known issues. This can flag up stuff like soil contamination or asbestos.

It's about knowing what you're getting into and ensuring the environment around your future home is safe.

Building inspections, while not legally required, are a smart move.

A professional can check the property's structural health, electrical systems, and more. It's about peace of mind, knowing the building is sound and won't need unexpected repairs.

Utility access is also important. Make sure the property has reliable connections to electricity, water, gas, and sewage.

Look at recent utility bills to see if everything's up and running as it should be.

Researching the neighborhood is about understanding where you're moving to. Visit at different times, chat with locals, and see what amenities are around.

It's not just the house, but the whole area that'll be part of your daily life.

Lastly, easements and rights of way. These are legal rights others might have on the property, like a path crossing through. Check the property documents for any such details.

You don't want surprises about who can access your property.

And about future developments – this can affect your property's value and your quality of life. Local planning departments or city hall can usually give you information on any planned developments in the area.

real estate Romania

Everything you need to know is included in our Romania Property Pack

What's the process and who are the professionals involved in a property due diligence in Romania?

In Romania, when you're buying a property, the due diligence process involves several key professionals to ensure everything goes smoothly. Let’s walk through who they are and what they do.

Lawyers play a crucial role. They're responsible for checking legal documents, ensuring the contract is sound, and protecting your interests.

In Romania, lawyers are regulated by the National Union of Romanian Bar Associations, which sets standards and practices. They'll handle the legal nitty-gritty, like making sure the property title is clear and the transaction complies with Romanian law.

Surveyors are another important piece of the puzzle. They assess the property's condition, looking at structural integrity, potential faults, and sometimes valuation. In Romania, surveyors are typically licensed and regulated, ensuring they meet professional standards.

Now, if you're a foreigner, language and communication can be barriers.

It's essential to have professionals who can communicate effectively in your language. This might mean finding a lawyer or real estate agent who speaks English or your native language.

Misunderstandings in property transactions can be costly, so clear communication is key.

Regarding contract amendments, it’s a bit tricky.

Once a contract is signed, making changes isn't straightforward. Both parties – the buyer and seller – must agree to any amendments. These changes should then be documented and legally endorsed. It’s always best to get everything right before signing to avoid complications later.

The timeframe for completing all necessary paperwork and approvals can vary.

Generally, once you've signed the contract, it could take a few weeks to a couple of months to wrap everything up. This includes registering the property, transferring utilities, and handling any bureaucratic requirements.

The exact time depends on various factors like the property's legal status, the efficiency of local authorities, and how quickly all parties move things along.

A mistake in your due diligence could cost you thousands of dollars

Make sure you don't overlook critical checks when assessing the condition of your prospective property purchase. Avoid legal complications. Stay prepared, get our comprehensive guide.

risks and mistakes Romania

What are the common pitfalls happening during a property due diligence in Romania?

After our research and the feedback collected from our local real estate partners, we have written an article about the risks and pitfalls when buying a property in Romania.

In Romania, like in any country, buying a property comes with its unique set of risks and pitfalls, especially for foreigners who might not be familiar with the local real estate landscape.

One unique aspect in Romania is the complexity of property titles.

Due to historical reasons, including changes in political regimes and restitution laws, property titles can be complicated. There have been instances where properties were reclaimed by previous owners or heirs, leading to legal disputes. This is something you might not encounter to the same extent in other countries.

For foreigners, language barriers and unfamiliarity with local laws are significant risks. There have been cases where foreign buyers misunderstood contract terms or weren't fully aware of their legal obligations, leading to financial losses.

Moreover, the legal framework in Romania can be quite different from what you're used to, with specific regulations governing property transactions and ownership.

Culturally, there's a strong preference in Romania for cash transactions and a reluctance to engage in lengthy legal processes. This can sometimes lead to informal agreements, which can be risky if not properly documented.

Regarding contracts, a common pitfall is not having them thoroughly reviewed by a legal professional. Contracts might contain clauses that are unfavorable or impose unexpected obligations on the buyer.

It’s crucial to have a lawyer who can navigate these complexities.

To mitigate these risks, do thorough due diligence.

Engage a reliable lawyer familiar with Romanian real estate law. Ensure all agreements and claims about the property are verified and legally documented.

In terms of insurance, while not all types are mandatory, it's wise to have property insurance to cover potential damages.

Given Romania's seismic activity, earthquake insurance is also a common consideration.

In case of a dispute, legal avenues include mediation or court proceedings.

It's advisable to first attempt resolution through negotiation or mediation as court processes can be lengthy and complex. The Romanian judicial system handles property disputes, and local authorities like the 'Judecătorie' (the court of first instance) or 'Tribunal' (for appeals) are responsible for settling these disputes.

Get the full checklist for your due diligence in Romania

Don't repeat the same mistakes others have made before you. Make sure everything is in order before signing your sales contract.

due diligence Romania

This article is for informational purposes only and should not be considered financial advice. Readers are advised to consult with a qualified professional before making any investment decisions. We do not assume any liability for actions taken based on the information provided.